The Official Website of The Amman Message – The Three Points of The Amman Message V.2

The Three Points of The Amman Message V.2
The Three Points of The Amman Message V.2

(in English, as modified and ratified by the International Islamic Fiqh Academy, June 2006)

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

May peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad and his pure and noble family

(1) Whosoever is an adherent to one of the four Sunni schools (Mathahib) of Islamic jurisprudence (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi`i and Hanbali), the two Shi’i schools of Islamic jurisprudence (Ja`fari and Zaydi), the Ibadi school of Islamic jurisprudence and the Thahiri
school of Islamic jurisprudence, is a Muslim. Declaring that person an
apostate is impossible and impermissible. Verily his (or her) blood,
honour, and property are inviolable. Moreover, in accordance with the
Shaykh Al-Azhar’s fatwa, it is neither possible nor permissible to declare whosoever subscribes to the Ash`ari creed or whoever practices real Tasawwuf (Sufism) an apostate. Likewise, it is neither possible nor permissible to declare whosoever subscribes to true Salafi thought an apostate.
           
Equally, it is neither possible nor permissible to declare as apostates
any other group of Muslims who believes in God, Glorified and Exalted
be He, and His Messenger (may peace and blessings be upon him), the
pillars of faith (Iman), and the five pillars of Islam, and does not deny any necessarily self-evident tenet of religion.

(2) There exists more in common between the various schools of
Islamic jurisprudence than there is difference between them. The
adherents to the eight schools of Islamic jurisprudence are in
agreement as regards the basic principles of Islam. All believe in
Allah (God), Glorified and Exalted be He, the One and the Unique; that
the Noble Qur’an is the Revealed Word of God preserved and
protected by God, Exalted be He, from any change or aberration; and
that our master Muhammad, may blessings and peace be upon him, is a
Prophet and Messenger unto all mankind. All are in agreement about the
five pillars of Islam: the two testaments of faith (shahadatayn); the ritual prayer (salat); almsgiving (zakat); fasting the month of Ramadan (sawm), and the Hajj
to the sacred house of God (in Mecca). All are also in agreement about
the foundations of belief: belief in Allah (God), His angels, His
scriptures, His messengers, and in the Day of Judgment, in Divine
Providence in good and in evil. Disagreements between the ‘ulama (scholars) of the eight schools of Islamic jurisprudence are only with respect to the ancillary branches of religion (furu`) and some fundamentals (usul) [of the religion of Islam]. Disagreement with respect to the ancillary branches of religion (furu`) is a mercy. Long ago it was said that variance in opinion among the ‘ulama (scholars) “is a mercy”.

(3) Acknowledgement of the schools of Islamic jurisprudence (Mathahib) within Islam means adhering to a fundamental methodology in the issuance of fatwas: no one may issue a fatwa without the requisite qualifications of knowledge. No one may issue a fatwa without adhering to the methodology of the schools of Islamic jurisprudence. No one may claim to do unlimited Ijtihad and create a new opinion or issue unacceptable fatwas that take Muslims out of the principles and certainties of the Shari`ah and what has been established in respect of its schools of jurisprudence.

Related: The Three Points of the Amman Message v.1 [very similar]

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